Articles from the Landmark on North Carolina Soldier's
All articles are taken from the semi weekly issues of the Landmark, published in
April 29, 1898
Captain J.J. Newman of Salisberry is organizing a troop of cavalry to be known as the
Rowan Rangers to fight the Spaniards. He has already counted twenty men and
anticipates no difficulty in enlisting forty. He has tendered the services of the Rowan
Rangers to Adjutant General Cowles.
Companies of colored men are being organized in various towns in the state. The
Landmark is glad to see that Statesville is one. I.F. Moore and W.A. Kimbrough are
making an effort to organize a colored company here. Up to 4:00 yesterday afternoon
they had the following men: W.A. Kimbrough, Grant Gray, I.F. Moore, T.W. Stephenson,
John McNeely, hood Russell, Thomas A. Ganther(?) Gaither(?), William Holdsclaw,
Richard McKenzie, Mandus Woods, Samuel Moore, John Wallace, J.H. Alexander, N.
Williams, William Wallace, T.W. Stevenson, C.C. Turner, Wash Bryson, H.R. Arey,
S.W. Carlton, Henry Gray, Frank Stewart, G.F. Brown, J.R. Grant, Mack Hunter, C.H.
Simonton, W.H. Weaver, Claude Johnson, Will Gray, T.V. Houston
Colonel J.F. Armfield of the 4th Regiment State Guard has received his commission as
colonel of the 1st Regiment of Volunteers for N. Carolina. He was entitled to this
commission first on account of his standing in the guard and second because most of the
companies composing this regiment belong to his former commission, the 4th Regiment.
The colonel left for Raleigh last night.
Dr. J.P. Turner, late of Cool Springs, this county, now a practicing physician in Greensboro,
has offered his services for the war as assistant surgeon in the 3rd Regiment N.C.T. Mr.
Ab. A. Andersen of Calaban has also volunteered for the war. Mr. Andersen is an
None of the state militia have as yet been ordered out for the war but it was announced
that they would be ordered out last Friday. The matter of enlistment is voluntary. As a
result of this, not all of the companies of state guards have volunteered in their entirety.
In Charlotte, for instance, only the captain and two or three members of the famous
Hornets Nest Rifles have volunteered. The quota is being made up of recruits taken
anywhere they can get them. In the Statesville company, the “Blues”, at the first call
only nine responded. This has been increased and the following original members of the
company are now enlisted for the war:
Captain R.L. Flanigan
Lts. W.G. Karcher and R.P. Allison
Sgt. T.J. Cook
Privates: Carl Turner, John Foard, John T. Murdock, C.H. Turner, J.E. Deitz, W. M.
Westmoreland, M.C. Wood, R.L. Leinster, Statesville. R.D. Hefty, Catawba. Charles
Parker, Marion. Both of the last named formerly lived here and were active members of
In addition to the above the following recruits have been secured up to 4:00—W.C.
Kennedy, J.F. Mills of Statesville; W.C. Hines, J.W. Bowles, of Bryantsville; Nay
Templeton, of Amity; Hawley B. Trollinger of Catawba; John Raymer of Davidson; J.W.
Roberts of Mooresville; W.W. Duckworth of Morganton
C.M. McCorkle of Newton and a number of other young men from Newton and elsewhere
in Catawba have enlisted in the Charlotte companies. Messrs. J.F. and C.H. Lipe, sons
of J.C. Lipe who formerly lived in Statesville, have enlisted in the Asheville company.
May 8, 1898
The Iredell Blues, the local militia company, left at 12:30 yesterday for Raleigh where the
N.C. troops who have volunteered for the war are being mobilized. All day Sunday the
town looked like an army post. Uniformed men and men who were not in uniform but
who had enlisted patrolled the streets. Sunday night they attended the Presbyterian
Church in a body. The building was packed and many were turned away. The pastor,
Rev. Dr. Wood, Rev. G.H. Church, the Baptist pastor, Reverends M.A. Smith, J.O.
Skelly, and R.G. Barrett, Methodist ministers and Rev. W.R. McLelland, conducted the
services. Dr. Wood said in his remarks the scene reminded him of his first sermon as a
chaplain of a regiment during the late civil war.
Early yesterday morning the soldiers gathered in the armory. Captain R.L. Flanigan and
Lts. W.G. Karcher and R.P. Allison and 98 men reported for duty:
1st Sgt. T.J. Cook of Statesville
W.P. Wooten of Charlotte
Bob Vannoy of Wilkesboro
J.L. Holland of Mt. Monroe(?) Mourne(?)
F.S. Reynolds of Stony Point
George W. Whistenworth of Wilkesboro
W.A. Cutler of Wilkesboro
J.A. Little of Davidson
B.F. Fleming of Davidson
J. W. Cullar of Wilkesboro
R.C. Milan of Wilkesboro
J.W. Ray of Wilkesboro
H.A. Trollinger of Catawba
C.C. Lad(?) of Burke
B.A. Higgins of Dysartville (McDowell)
J.H. Wiles of Wilkes
R.F. Anderson of Wilkes
Jas. Atwood of Salisbury
J.B. Hall of Charlotte
A.J. Owensby of Marion
R.P. Benfield of Hickory
J.W. Sigmon of Hickory
J.L. Delinger of Marion
J.B. Oxford of Taylorville
J.A. Whistlinging, Marion
C.W. Winkler, Lenoir
J.D. Nelson, Lenoir
J.F Derl, Lenoir
A.H. Anthony, Marion
J.W. Roberts, Bahama (Durham Co.)
E.L. Laton, Conover
J.W. Payne, Hickory
L.E. Seabach, Hickory
E.D. Cline, Hickory
D.L. Oliver, Milton
W.C. Kennedy, Statesville
J.E. Deitz, Statesville
M.C. Word, Statesville
Carl Turner, Statesville
Charles Turner, Statesville
W.L. Williams, Statesville
John Foard, Statesville
J.F. Mills, Statesville
J.S. Kerr, Statesville
R.B Leinster(?), Statesville
William Westmoreland, Statesville
J.T. Murdock, Statesville
R.D. Rafty, Catawba
F.A. James, Catawba
R.H. Trollinger, Newton
E.C.(?) Ervin, Newton
E.M. Dodd, Mooresville
Richie McCall, Hornet (Mecklenberg)
J.H. Foster, Talladega, Alabama
Jas. Foard, Hood (Mecklenberg)
W.W. Duckworth, Morganton
L.B. Dula, Wilkesboro
P.E. Lafon, Conover
R.C. Grahl(?), Asheville
A.C. Smith, Asheville
Walter McIntosh, Waynesville
C.C. Nash, Asheville
J.H. Tew, Asheville
O.C. Cassada, Marshall
J. F. Lipe, Biltmore
C.H. Lipe, Biltmore
M.P. Williams, Asheville
J.E. Murdock, Asheville
C.A. Ingie, Asheville
J.M. Davis, Asheville
Henry James, Asheville
L.D. Ingle, Asheville
L.B. Robinson, Asheville
J.E. King, Bolis(?) Bella(?)
C.E. Penland, Buena Vista
N.E. McQueen, Asheville
J.R. Davis, Skyland
C.A. Torrence, Skyland
J.M. Crisp, Stecoah(?)
J.B. Jackson, Biltmore
N.J. Loving, Charlotte
J.E. Jones, Asheville
T.A. Brown, Black Mountain
J.C. Suther, Old Fort
J.H. Little, Old Fort
Z.B. Gentry, Asheville
J.B. Fanning, Asheville
A. Dorset, Marion
P.L. Lofland, Statesville
J.E. Fry, Statesville
W.W.W. Hines, Lincolnton
E.M. Bolton(?) Halton(?), Marion
Thomas Hemmer, Cleveland
John Raymer, Barrum(?) Springs
J. Wilson, Taylorville
P.W. Gaines, Newton
N.L. Hines, Bryansville
R.F. Gardner, Marion
Transcriber’s note: Because so many of these names are hard to read and can appear
in another paper looking differently, I have re-typed the final, official list later below, which
appeared in another issue
Before the train left the area, seven men were cut out and given an honorable discharge
because they failed to come up with the proper requirements. They were:
Mr. Wilson, all of Wilkes
John King of Asheville
W.P. Wooten of Charlotte
L.B. Dula of Wilkes was left by the train but he went to Raleigh last night.
Long before the soldiers came out of the armory the streets were blocked with people
who gathered to see them off. About 10:00 they came out and took up their march to the
depot under the command of Captain Flanigan and Lts. Karcher and Allison. The band
had previously gathered and played a number of airs and it marched in front of the
company to the depot playing as they went. In front of the band was a number of boys
carrying flags. A great crowd accompanied the men to the depot. On each side of the
street the sidewalks were lined and people gathered in front yards and on balconies
some of them waving flags. By the time the station was reached, an immense crowd
The colored citizens of the town met in the court house Friday night and organized a
military company. The meeting was called to order by R.H. Alexander. Dr. Harrill, the
mayor, gave a few remarks and words of information and encouragement. The roll was
called and 45 out of the 80 who had signed the roll responded and five more names were
added making a total of fifty. Officers were elected as follows:
Captain R.H. Alexander
2nd Lt. I.F. Moore
1st Lt. W.A. Kimbrough
Sgts. Robert Thomas, Thomas A. Gaither, Thomas W. Stevenson, G.F. Brown, H. Russell
Corporals Willie Smith, R.H. Arey McHunter, Henry Pendleton, T.V. Houston, Cloud
Johnson, Henry Gray, R.L. McKinzie, Will Gray, Lusco Arey, John McNeely, Grant Gray
Musician: Samuel Moore
Quartermaster: J.H. Alexander
Saturday night 25 men from Asheville, Biltmore and vicinity under the command of
Temporary Corporal J.F. Lupe arrived here to join the Iredell Blues and left with the
company for Raleigh. Their names are:
Members of Col. J.F. Armfield’s staff
Captain H.R. Cowles, Adjutant
Captain J.M. Allison, Quartermaster
Roy Leinster, Quartermaster Sergeant
Major George F. Rutzler, Charlotte
Major W.G. Smith, Asheville
Dr. H.M. Wilder, surgeon, Charlotte
Dr. Charles M. Jourdan, assistant surgeon, Asheville
Dr. L.M. Archey, assistant surgeon, Concord
Rev. W.A. Wood, chaplain, Statesville
Battalion Adjutants: L.B. Alexander, Asheville and John M. Scott, Charlotte
It is understood that Lt. R.P. Davis of the U.S. Army, a West Point graduate, and native
of Statesville, will be lieutenant colonel of the regiment. It is understood that Captain
Cowles of Statesville, at present adjutant general, will be captain of the battery which
is to be organized and that his brother, Captain C.D. Cowles of the U.S. Army will be
colonel of the second regiment of volunteers which is to be organized this week.
The twelve companies of the 1st Regiment are:
Number 1, Company C, 1st Regiment, Raleigh
Number 2, Company G, 2nd Regiment, Charlotte
Number 3, Company D, 3rd Regiment, Durham
Number 4, Company E, 4th Regiment, Charlotte
Number 5, Company C, 4th Regiment, Waynesville
Number 6, Company D, 3rd Regiment, Reidsville
Number 7, Company I, 3rd Regiment, Reidsville
Number 8, Company H, 1st Regiment, Greensville
Number 9, Company A, 4th Regiment, Statesville
Number 10, Company F, 4th Regiment, Asheville
Number 11, Company G, 4th Regiment, Colored
Number 12, Company H, 4th Regiment, Shelby
The men will be mustered into the U.S. Army as soon as they get to Raleigh
1,000 men were gathered at Camp Grimes near Raleigh when the mess call sounded
for supper last night. From 11:30 in the morning they had been pouring in, train after
train disgorged its long files of armed men at the Pullen Road Crossing where they were
met and escorted to camp by a detachment of the Governor’s Guard.
In eager columns they swept over the camp grounds and entered the tents prepared for
and assigned to them. Company after company gathered until General Cowles was able
to telegraph to the War Department that one of the North Carolinian’s two regiments was
mobilized here and ready to be mustered in.
Captain Edward Hill with the Cabarrus Light Infantry was the first to arrive yesterday morning.
Three hours later the Shelby and two Charlotte companies arrived. At 6:00 the Southern
Special Train arrived with six companies – Iredell Blues, Richland Rifles, Asheville Light
Infantry, Durham Light Infantry, Forsythe Rifles and Reidsville Light Infantry.
All along the way the crowds cheered them lustily, hundreds of people having come out
with shouts and flags and waving hats and handkerchiefs. The long line of troops looked
like a moving panorama. The blue of the uniforms mingled with the sober colors of civilian
dress or made backgrounds for the bright gowns and hats of the ladies who came out to
see the me who said they would go anywhere on earth that duty called and the flag led.
The gay bands and declarations of the officers, white stripes on the arms of the non
commissioned officers, the gold and red markings of the surgeons, the white uniforms
of the A. & M. Drum Corps and the gray of the cadets all mingled together.
The Commissary Department had more to do than it could manage at such a short notice
with troops coming in every hour or so. But orders were given and details dispatched for
rations. Soon wagon loads of bread, meat, and potatoes began to arrive. Last night fires
were kindled in every kitchen and potatoes bubbled in the kettles and meat sputtered on
the gridiron so all the men could be fed.
The five Wilkes boys, Bob Vannoy, Will Cutler, Rich Anderson, J.W. Ray and Mr. Wilson
who came here last week to go with the Blues to the war and were rejected before the
company left for Raleigh because they did not fill the requirements were sent back to their
homes in Wilkes at the expense of the company.
Adjutant H.R. Cowles of the 1st Regiment failed to pass the surgeons exam because of
defective eye sight. This is the source of much regret to him and to the regiment as well.
He would have been captain and adjutant. The Governor will fill the vacancy thus caused.
Below is a list of those who failed to pass the physical exam:
The following are the companies along with the captains and lieutenants which comprise
the 1st Regiment:
The Governor’s Guards, Raleigh: Captain A.J. Crawford, 1st Lt. W.R. Beaver, 2nd Lt. Z.B.
Hornet’s Nest Rifles, Charlotte: Captain Thomas R. Robinson, Lt. J.L. Powell (no 2nd lt.
Forsythe Rifles, Winston: Captain J.C. Bessent, 1st Lt. R.W. Bryan, 2nd Lt. J.H. Goodman
Durham Light Infantry: Captain J.C. Michie(?), 1st Lt. B.C. Woodall, 2nd Lt. R.L. Bishop
Reidsville Light Infantry: Captain A.J. Ellington, 1st Lt. J.D. Gwynn, 2nd Lt. J.R. Sharpe
Iredell Blues, Statesville: Captain E.L. Flanigan, 1st Lt. W.G. Kercher, 2nd Lt. R.P. Allison
Richland Rifles, Waynesville: Captain W. J. Hauna, 1st Lt. Thomas Stringfield, 2nd Lt.
Queen City Guards, Charlotte: Captain H.S. Chadwest, 1st Lt. John R. Van Ness, 2nd Lt.
Asheville Light Infantry: Captain T.R. Rookhart, 1st Lt. R.S. Stewart, 2nd Lt. T.F. Cunningham
Cabarrus Light Infantry, Concord: Captain Edward Hill, 1st Lt. Eli Goldston, 2nd Lt. Luther
Cleveland Guards, Shelby: Captain J.T. Gardiner(?), 1st Lt. J.K. Wells, Jr., 2nd Lt. J.A.
This afternoon the companies of the 1st Regiment were lettered as follows:
A—Charlotte, Captain Thomas R. Robertson
B—Goldsboro, Captain T.H. Bain
C—Winston, Captain J.C. Bessent
D—Reidsville, Captain A.J. Ellington
E—Statesville, Captain B.L. Flanigan
F—Asheville, Captain T.W. Bookhart
G—Shelby, Captain J.T. Gardner
(no H listed)
I—Durham, Captain J.C. Michie
(no J listed)
K—Raleigh, Captain A.J. Crawford
L—Concord, Captain Edmund Hill
M—Charlotte, Captain H.S. Chadwick
May 10, 1898
General Russell on Saturday appointed William H.S. Burgwyn of Henderson, Vance
County, as colonel of the 2nd Regiment, N.C.V. Colonel Burgwyn is a Confederate
soldier and is 52 years old. He left the freshman class of Chapel Hill to join the
Confederate Army in April of 1861. He was successively drill master to Pettigrew’s
Regiment; Adjutant of the camp of instruction near Raleigh; 1st Lt. and then Captain of
Company H, 35th N.C. Regiment, Ransom’s Brigade; and Assistant Adjutant General in
Clingman’s brigade. He was wounded at Cold Harbor and again wounded and captured
at the assault on Ft. Harrison on Sept. 30, 1864. He was taken as a prisoner of war at
Fort Dearborn. After the war he returned to the university and graduated in 1868. He is
also a graduate of Harvard Law School of Washington and of the medical school at
Baltimore. He practiced law in Baltimore from 1869 to 1882 and was during this time
colonel of the 5th Maryland Regiment. In this capacity Colonel Burgwyn took an active
part in quelling the railroad riots in Baltimore in 1877. Colonel Burgwyn is the author of
a Digest of the Maryland Supreme Court reports. He was a banker at Henderson from
North Carolina from 1882 to 1893. For several years he has been a national bank
examiner which position he now holds.
Other appointments announced:
Regimental Adjutant Lt. L.R. Alexander
Major, 1st Battalion, Whiteford G. Smith
Major 2nd Battalion, George F. Rutzler
Major 3rd Battalion, E.M. Butler
1st Lt. and Adjutant Captain T.W. Patton on Major Smith’s staff
1st Lt. and Adjutant John M. Allison on Major Rutzler’s staff
Adjutant 3rd Battalion Daniel R. Johnson
Quartermaster Eugene Harrill
Sgt. Major W.T. Herritage
Quartermaster Sgt. R.L. Lainster
Chief Musician A.W. Freeman
Principal Musicians: Jay G. Sims, John W. Norwood
Hospital Steward: Halton H. McKnight
1st Assistant Steward: Baxter R. Hunter
Surgeons Wilder of Charlotte, Jordan of Asheville and Archey of Concord
Chaplain Pruden of Durham
A telegram to the Landmark yesterday afternoon announced that the Secretary of
War had ordered the 1st Regiment N.C.V. to Chickamauga. The date of their departure
from Raleigh is not stated but we take it they will be kept there for a few more days until
they are fully equipped and armed.
At noon today the Adjutant General announced the assignment of companies in the 2nd
Greensboro—R. Percy Gray
Tarboro—John W. Colton
Gastonia—Robert L. Durham
Lambert Bridge—S.J. Cobb
May 13, 1898
Edmund Jones of Caldwell and A.C. Avery of Banks have joined forces and will have a
company of one hundred men in the 2nd Regiment as their men are in three counties,
they are given until Saturday to take them to Raleigh.
The first desertion from Camp Bryan Grimes of enlisted men occurred the night before
last when two of the Goldsboro Company flew the coop. They are new men from Wayne
County—Robert L. Mitchell and Paulus Williams. They have been restless and uneasy
looking for several days and between 8:00 and 10:00 Monday night after taking the oath
they left the camp and could not be found yesterday morning. Captain Bain and 1st Lt.
Lewis left for Goldsboro to find the deserters and bring them back.
It will be remembered that the War Department sent out orders Monday to send the 1st
Regiment N.C.V. to Chickamauga. Governor Russell yesterday morning received a
telegram from Secretary of War Alger saying that owing to changing conditions, the
destination of the 1st Regiment N.C.V. has been changed from Camp George H.
Thomas at Chickamauga to Tampa, Florida and they will be sent there at once, armed
and equipped for service. As they are not armed and equipped they will be kept at
Raleigh until they are and this means they will be there at least another week.
The field, staff and line officers of the 1st Regiment, N.C.V., U.S. Army are:
Colonel J.F. Armfield
Lt. Col. Calvin D. Cowles
Major 1st Battalion White G. Smith
Major 2nd Battalion George F. Butzler
Major 3rd Battalion George E. Butler (the senator’s brother)
Dr. H.M. Wilder, surgeon with rank of major
Dr. Charles S. Jordan, surgeon with rank of captain
Dr. L.M. Archey, surgeon with rand of 1st lt.
E.G. Harrell, Quartermaster with rank of 1st lt.
Battalion adjutants with the rank of 1st lts., are:
T.W. Patton, 1st Regiment
John M. Allison, 2nd Battalion
D.R. Johnson, 3rd Battalion (nephew of the governor)
Rev. A.A. Pruden, chaplain with the rank of 1st lt.
Privates: R.H. Trollinger, E.M. Dodd, W.W. Duckworth, James Ford, P.E. Lafon, A.C.
Smith, O.C. Casade, O.(or C.) H. Lipe, J.F. Lipe, J.E. Murdock, J.M. Davis, D.B.
Robinson, C.A. Ponland, J.R. Davis, J.B. Jackson, N.J. Lovings, T.A. Brown, J.H. Lytle,
J.C. Fanning, J.E. Fry, E.M. Holten, John Raymer, N.L. Hines, R.R. Lafton, L.E.
Seabach, E.O. Ervine, J.H. Foster, Richie McCall, L.B. Dula, R.C. Grahl, Walter
McIntosh, C.C. Nash, J.H. Tow, M.P. Williams, C.A. Ingle, L.D. Ingle, Henry James,
J.E. King, N.E. McQueen, J.M. Crisp, C.A. Torrence, J.E. Jones, J.C. Suther, Z.B.
Gentry, P.D. Lofand, W.W. Hines, Thomas Homner, J. Wilson, F.W. Gaines, J.W.
Payne, E.D. Chase, D.L. Olive, J.E. Deitz, C. Turner, R.D. Rufty, W.P. Wooten, F.S.
Reynolds, W.A. Culler, B.F. Fleming, R.C. Milan, R.C. Lall, B.A. Higgins, R.F. Anderson,
J.B. Hill, R.P. Bosfield, J.L. Delinger, J.D. Whitlinging, J.D. Nelson, J.F. Deal, W.C.
Kennerly, M.C. Wood, J.F. Mills, F.A. James, J.L. Holland, George W. Wistenworth,
J.A. Little, J.W. Culler, H.B. Trollinger, J.W. Ray, J.H. Wiles, James Atwood, A.J.
Owensby, J.W. Simon, L.B. Oxford, C.W. Winkler, J.W. Roberts
May 17, 1898
The engagement at Cardenas:
When the U.S. Gun Boat Hudson came up to the government dock, the bodies of five
dead men were lying on her after deck. They were the remains of Ensign W. Bagley
and four members of the crew of the torpedo boat Winslow who were killed in an
engagement in the Cardenas Harbor yesterday afternoon. The bodies were covered by
the Stars and Stripes. Ensign Bagley was a native of North Carolina. His mother, Mrs.
M.H. Bagley, resides at 125 South Street, Raleigh. His full name is Worth Bagley and
he was appointed to the Naval Academy in September of 1891 from the 4th District,
North Carolina. He graduated on June 30 of last year and was appointed an ensign the
day following. While a cadet attached to the academy, he was assigned to make
cruises on the Texas, Montgomery, Indiana and the Maine. Upon being appointed ensign
last July, he was assigned to duty on the Indiana but the following month he was
transferred to the Maine. He served on that ship until November 23 last when he was
ordered to the Columbia Iron Works for duty in connection with the Winslow which was
under construction at the time. When she was completed and put in commission he was
attached to her and remained so until the time of his death. He was the son of Major
W.H. Bagley for some twenty years clerk of the State Supreme Court. His mother is a
daughter of the late Governor Worth. His remains were embalmed and brought to Raleigh
The U.S. Cruiser Marblehead, the gunboat Nashville and the auxiliary cruiser Windom
steamed up to the harbor of Cenfuegas early Wednesday morning with orders to cut the
cable connecting Havana with Santiago de Cuba. This task was accomplished but only
after a terrible fight between our warships and several thousand Spanish troops which
lined the shore and lay behind improvised breast works. One man was killed and six
wounded. One of the wounded was Robert Boltz of Carteret County, N.C.
Col. Burgwyn has appointed Dr. Thrash and A.S. Worthen of Asheville and Dr. Reilly of
Hillsboro as hospital stewards of the 2nd Regiment. The appointment of officers is
Colonel W.H.S. Burgwyn
Lt. Colonel A.D. Cowles
Majors D.F. Dixen and Lt. Wilder, U.S.A. and almost certainly John W. Cotton
Adjutants R.L. Gary, Bradley Wooten, S.H. McRae and David Clark
May 20, 1898
J.W. Roberts, a private in the Statesville Company, 1st Regiment, who was arrested for
embezzlement has been exonerated and has joined his company.
From the Raleigh Dispatch:
The U.S. and N.C. today paid a noble tribute to the memory of the gallant Ensign Worth
Bagley, the first officer killed in the war. The body arrived last night and was met by an
escort of the 1st Regiment N.C.V., and taken to the home of Ensign Bagley’s widowed
mother where a detail of troops stood guard. On the casket were the dead officer’s
chapeau and sword. Among the floral offerings which literally banked the casket and
filled all available space in the room were palms sent by General Breckenridge in memory
of his son Cabel Breckenridge, young Bagley’s classmate.
At the door way was looped an American flag with crepe streamers. Lt. Lawrence L.
Adams came from Norfolk Naval Yards to represent the Navy Department. The body
remained at the house until 2;30 in the afternoon when it was taken to the capitol and
placed in the rotunda which was draped with national and state colors.
The casket was removed from there at 5:00 and placed in front of the statue of Washington
where the exercises were held in the presence of the family and city clergy and 10,000
persons. Colonel Thomas S. Keenes presided.
The funeral car was draped in black and was drawn by six horses with six sergeants as
body bearers and six captains of volunteers as honorary pall bearers. All business was
suspended during the exercises. The ceremony at the grave consisted of a prayer and
benediction and the hymn “Now The Day Is Over”. As the procession moved, eleven
guns were fired by a battery and eleven were fired at the grave and then the regiment
fired two volleys. The body was buried quite near the grave of Ensign Bagley’s grandfather,
May 24, 1898
The 1st Regiment N.C.T. left Raleigh Sunday morning for Florida. They were ordered to
Tampa but the order was subsequently changed to Jacksonville and they arrived there at
11:00. The third section of the train carrying the regiment on which was the third battalion
was wrecked fourteen miles below Savannah, Georgia at 4:00 yesterday morning. Pte.
William Barber of the Durham Company was killed and Pte. J.M. Colclaugh of the same
company was fatally injured. None of the Statesville company was on this train.
Messrs. W.H. Allison and C.B. Webb were in Salisbury Sunday and saw the regiment
pass through there. The train was running in three sections and all the sections stopped
at Salisbury for a short time. The first section on which Col. Armfield and staff were
traveling with the 2nd Battalion arrived at Salisbury at 2:00 and stayed some time. The
second section on which was the Statesville company arrived about 3:40 and stopped for
about twenty minutes. The third section passed through about 4:00.
May 27, 1898
George B. Anderson went to Charlotte on Tuesday and enlisted in the new company that
Captain H.S. Garmley is organizing. Mr. Anderson was appointed 2nd Sgt. And returned
last evening looking for recruits for his company. The Adjutant General says that this
company will be the 1st Company or Company A of the 3rd Regiment. Men are readily
J.S. Adams, Jr., supposed to be the son of J.S. Adams, formerly of this district, and a
resident of Statesville is a 2nd lieutenant of the Asheville company of the 2nd Regiment.
Early this morning a special train on the Florida Central and Peninsula Railroad carrying
N.C. Volunteers to Florida collided with a north bound vegetable train. Pte. William
Barbee, Company I, of Durham, was killed and Pte. G.M. Colclaugh was fatally injured.
The soldiers were traveling in section trains. The engineer pushed ahead and was
running at a rather rapid rate when the collision occurred. Pte. Barbee was in the last
passenger coach next to a freight car containing the baggage of the battalion. He
attempted to jump and was caught between the cars. His head was crushed and both
legs broken. Pte. Colclaugh was injured internally. The train was attached to another
engine and brought back to Savannah. An undertaker was sent to take charge of the
body which was sent home for interment. Pte. Barber’s body was returned to Durham
Monday night. Pte. Colclaugh who is believe to be fatally injured, was taken there on the
The 2nd Regiment, now at Camp Daniel Russell, at Raleigh, has been assigned to Tybee,
Georgia and it is supposed will go there as soon as it is equipped and organized.
May 31, 1898
The 2nd Regiment N.C.V. was completed today and has 982 officers and men. Its roster,
published for the first time today, is as follows:
Colonel W.H.S. Burgwyn
Lt. Colonel Andrew D. Cowles
Majors: W.T. Wilder, U.S.A., B.F. Dixon, John W. Cotton
Chaplain: Rev. E.A. Osborne
Surgeons: James K. Stockard, E.M. Brevard and W.H. Brooks
Adjutants: R.T. Gray, David Clark, Bradley Wooten, and Samuel H. McRae
Commissary: j. F. Rowland
The captain of the companies are:
S.J. Cobb of Lumber Bridge
J.T. Smith of Greenville
Daniel McRae of Wilmington
R. Percy Gray of Greensboro
Carl W. Jeffreys of Torboro
R.L. Durham of Gastonia
W.T.R. Bell of Rutherfordton
J.L. Gibson of Nantahala
J.W. Cooper of Murphy
B.E. Huske of Fayetteville
J.W. Wagoner of Asheville
Edmund Jones of Lenoir
May 31, 1898
Bumcombe: There is no abatement in the war fever here. Today Frank Carter, a
prominent young attorney began to organize a company to be known as the Blue Ridge
Rifles. The Buncombe Guards and Zeb Vance Guards, T.C. Stearns and C.D. Clark,
captains, respectively, today tendered their services to the government. A company is
being formed by Patrolman Nolan and Conductor Simpson of the Southern Railway are
getting up still another company. Captain Scott of the colored company was today
notified that his company has been accepted. A second colored company is being formed.
June 7, 1898
The news of the brilliant exploit of Richmond Pearson Hobson, the young naval officer at
Santiago de Cuba was read with interest in North Carolina, especially Statesville.
Young Hobson is the nephew of Mrs. Mary Davis of Statesville. He has visited here at
frequent intervals since he was a very small boy and is well remembered by many of our
people. He was born in Greensboro, Alabama on August 17, 1870 where his parents
now live but as both the mother and father are North Carolinians, his glorious achievement
will shed luster on the old north state. His father, Judge Hobson, is a native of Davis
County and his mother, Mrs. Ann Hobson is a sister of the late Governor Morehead.
Judge Hobson was a gallant Confederate soldier. During the war he was captured and
when the Confederate forces were about to shell the place where he and other Confederates
were imprisoned, the Federal officer served notice that when the shells began they would
place Hobson and other Confederate prisoners in front to receive the fire. The news stopped
the Confederates from shelling. After the war Mr. Hobson married Sallie Creom Pearson
daughter of the late Chief Justice Richmond Pearson and a sister of Mrs. Mary Davis of
Statesville and Congressman Richmond Pearson of Asheville. The couple moved to
Alabama where they since have lived. They have a large family of children. Lt. Hobson
has been a member of the Episcopal Church since he was 15 years old. Lt. Hobson’s
great grandfather and great-great grandfather were both officers in the Revolutionary War.
June 10, 1898
Joseph Franklin Armfield was born in Yadkinville, N.C. on Jan. 24, 1862 but has lived nearly
all his life in Statesville. He enlisted in the State Guard as a private about 15 years ago and
by strict attention to duties rose gradually to his present rank as colonel. He has filled every
office in the Iredell Blues of which he was a member from corporal to captain. He was
captain of his company five or six years and on December 1, 1892 was elected colonel of
the 4th Regiment N. C. Infantry vice Colonel J.T. Anthony, resigned. He is a farmer by
occupation, six feet tall, muscular and weighs 165 pounds. Colonel Armfield has always
taken a deep interest in the state guards and especially in the 4th Regiment. On the
declaration of war with Spain, he at once volunteered for service. Of Colonel Armfield,
Adjutant General A.D. Cowles says: “I have the honor of claiming him as my protégé
as he joined the Iredell Blues as a private when I was captain in 1882. He was at that
time a conspicuous member of the awkward squad and has developed into the accomplished
and elegant soldier he is and this fills me with pride. He is now the popular idol not only
of Yadkin County which claims his nativity and Iredell the home of his adoption but of all
North Carolina.” He was commissioned 1st Lt. of the Iredell Blues on June 12, 1885;
captain May 26, 1886; and colonel December 10, 1892. He is now at Jacksonville,
Florida with his regiment.
Andrew Duvall Cowles is a native of Wilkes County and a son of Colonel Calvin J. Cowles.
He spent a number of years of his early life in Charlotte where his father was in charge of
the U.S. Assay Office there. From Charlotte, he came about 20 years ago to Statesville
which is still his home. He was for some years in the internal revenue service and later
in the insurance business. A few years ago he studied law, secured a license and
became a member of the Statesville bar. He was for four years postmaster at Statesville
under Harrison’s administration and was a most capable official. He was educated at a
military school and was for several years captain of the Iredell Blues making a very
efficient commander. Governor Russell at the beginning of his administration appointed
Capt. Cowles Adjutant General of the State Guard. He was recently appointed lieutenant
colonel of the Second Regiment N.C.V. and will go with that command to Cuba. He is a
gallant man of most engaging manners and will make a record in the war if given the
June 14, 1898
In accordance with General Order 33, providing for appointment of officers to go home
and recruit companies up to 106 men, Colonel Armfield has made the following details
from the three battalions.
1st Battalion Recruiting Office at Raleigh, Sgt. C.C. Branch, Raleigh; Pte. P.C. Hinton,
Goldsboro; 2nd Lt. Thomas B. Christian and Pte. L.C. Oldham, Durham; Sgt. R.B. Courts,
2nd Battalion Recruiting Office at Asheville, Lt. Thomas W. Patton and Corp. Joseph G.
Goodson, Asheville; Sgt. C.(?) H. Turner, Statesville; Sgt. Ben H. Kirkpatrick, Waynesville;
Pte. Harold S. Hall, Shelby
3rd Battalion Recruiting Office at Charlotte, Lt. W.A. Erwin and Pte. G.H. Hollister,
Queen’s City Guards; Artificer A.A. Osborne, Hornet’s Nest Riflemen; Sgt. Quint E.(?)
Smith, Concord; Sgt. Thomas G. Holt, Winston
June 17, 1898
General Johnstone Jones, former Adjutant General of N.C. and a representative in the
legislature from Buncombe County but who has been living in California for several years,
has been made colonel of the 1st California Cavalry Volunteers. A son of General D.H.
Hill, formerly of this state, is a surgeon in this regiment.
15 North Carolina soldiers were today examined by Dr. Wilder, chief surgeon and
entered upon the discharged list as physically disabled and unfit for campaigning duties.
The places were filled by new recruits. Others will be examined tomorrow and it is
probably that the number of discharged will rise to 25. Those discharged today are:
Company A: Elbert Bailey, James Rhodes, Charles M. Sherrill
Company C: N.L. Alberty
Company E: E.L. Dengle
Company F: George Cannalt
Company H: Joshua Chambers, J.W.B. Moore, Thomas E. Brown, Claude Bennett
Company I: J.I.T.B. Edwards, E.V. Webb
Company L: C.F. Sherrill, P.F. Henderson, C.L. Harris
Company K: F.J. Hartsfield
June 21, 1898
Adjutant General Cowles made public the names of 195 young men who have been
selected for appointment as second lieutenants in the regular army. Among those
listed from North Carolina are:
Charles Latham, graduate Bingham School
Moore(?) N. Falls, graduate of State University of N.C.
William K. Williams, graduate of Virginia Military Institute
James McDonald C - - - er (last name illegible), honor graduate of Bingham School, N.C.
Sgt. C.H. Turner who is here recruiting for Company E, 1st N.C.R., shipped a half
dozen men Saturday. They are:
Herbert Alexander and John W. Morgan of Statesville
Jas. W. Harris(?) of Fairmont
Haywood Cates of Cook’s Crossing
Walter R. Cook of Amity
(transcriber’s note, the rest of the article is totally illegible)
The Adjutant General tonight made a sweeping change in his plans for the formation
of the seven Negro companies. He takes three complete companies, those of R.H.
Alexander of Statesville, W.A. Carpenter of Rutherfordton and Gray Toole of Charlotte
and makes up the other four companies from the towns of Greenville, Maxton,
Franklinton, Durham, Oxford, Kinston, Winston, Fayetteville, Goldsboro, Asheville and
Greensboro. There will be one officer from each place. This division is made to give the
Negroes of all these towns a chance. Besides these 100 men will be used to recruit
three companies of “Russell’s Black Battalion” to a war footing.
July 1, 1898
The roll of the field and staff officers of the Negro Regiment, the 3rd Volunteers is as follows:
Colonel James H. Young, Raleigh
Lt. Colonel C.S.L.A. Taylor of Charlotte
Majors: Andrew J. Haygood of Raleigh and E.E. Smith of Goldsboro
Surgeon Mask of Wilmington, Chief Surgeon
M.T. Pope of Charlotte and D.N. Melebar of Fayetteville, assistant surgeons
Regiment Adjutant David A. Lane of Raleigh
Battalion Adjutant Abe Middleton of Fayetteville
The colored military company and band left for Ft. Macon. 61 officers and men under
the command of Captain R.H. Alexander and eleven members of the band under the
command of Professor J.P. Murphy embarked at Statesville at 9:42 in two extra cars
which were attached to the Norfolk & Chattanooga vestibule. Another extra car attached
to the vestibule brought down 27 men from up the road which were to be attached to the
company and others were to be added at Cleveland. There was a great crowd of people
at the depot to see the soldiers off and there was much weeping among the women.
The following recruits have enlisted with Sgt. Turner, recruiting officer for the 1st Regiment
and left this morning for Jacksonville:
Burt Wood, Elmwood
Harry Hobson, Cleveland
A.P. Gilbert, Davidson
J.T. Parnell, J.L. and J.M. Minton from North Wilkesboro
Bruce Leimster and Thomas Bell Moore of Statesville
Harry Hobson is a first cousin of Richmond Pearson Hobson, the hero of the Merrimac
adventure, Santiago Harbor. Mr. Wood is a son of Dr. D.B. Wood and a nephew of
Reverend Dr. Wood of Statesville.
From the Regular Army Register, 1895, we take the following list of North Carolinians
now in the Regular Army. There are none of high rank as they have all gone into the
Army since the war all except one graduated at West Point
Captain Robert S. Woodson, Assistant Surgeon
1st Lt. William F. Lewis, Assistant Surgeon
2nd Lt. Robert P. Johnston, Engineers
2nd Lt. Harley B. Ferguson, Engineers
2nd Lt. Chalmers G. Hall, 5th Cavalry
Captain Henry p. Kingsbury, 6th Cavalry
2nd Lt. George E. Barnhardt, 6th Cavalry
Captain Thaddeus W. Jones, 10th Cavalry
1st Lt. Samuel D. Freeman, 10th Cavalry (colored)
1st Lt. William E. Shipp, 10th Cavalry
1st Lt. James B. Hughes, 10th Cavalry
Captain Allen Capson, 1st Artillery
1st Lt. E.E. Gayle, 2nd Artillery
1st Lt. Richmond P. Davis, 2nd Artillery
Captain Edward Davis, 3rd Artillery
1st Lt. Henry R. Lemly, 3rd Artillery
1st Lt. Matt R. Peterson, 6th Infantry
1st Lt. Charles Gerhart, 8th Infantry
1st Lt. Henry Kirby, 10th Infantry
2nd Lt. Douglas Settle, 10th Infantry
1st Lt. Zebulon B. Vance, 11th Infantry
2nd Lt. John S. Battle, 11th Infantry
Captain William Lassiter, 16th Infantry
2nd Lt. Benjamin t. Simmons, 16th Infantry
Captain Calvin D. Cowles, 23rd Infantry (now Lt. Col. 1st Reg’t. N.C.V.)
1st Lt. Jas. B. Batchelor, 24th Infantry (colored)
1st Lt. James E. Brett, 24th Infantry (colored)
Captain Edward F. Glenn, 25th Infantry (colored)
1st Lt. William T. Welden, 24th Infantry (colored)
1st Lt. Frank T. Nenwelbar(?), Assistant Surgeon, retired
July 8, 1898
Sgt. C.H. turner, the recruiting officer for the 1st N.C.R. who left here Tuesday for
Asheville took with him four recruits, Thomas B. Moore being one of them.
Henry Hall received a telegram from Adjutant General Cowles Monday evening offering
him a place as pharmacist in the 7th Army Corps, now at Jacksonville, Florida. Mr.
Hall decided to accept and Tuesday evening left for Raleigh to stand the exam. A
telegram to his brother, R.A. Hall on Wednesday evening announced that he had passed
the exam and would leave for Jacksonville to begin work.
July 15, 1898
Sgt. Wood left yesterday for Governor’s Island, N.Y. He was detailed to accompany Lt.
Goodman and two privates who were in charge of the Wiggs brothers who got three years
for desertion. They went by water on the steamboat Seminole and will probably spend
a day or two at their respective homes as they were allowed ten days to make the trip.
July 19, 1898
Trooper J.S. Murphy of Troop K, 5th U.S. Cavalry arrived at his home yesterday on a
thirty day furlough. He was wounded in the leg above the knee and his horse killed
while doing scouting duty around Santiago on Friday, July 1. The bullet passed through
his leg and then killed the horse he was riding. There were twenty men detailed from his
regiment of cavalry and mounted for scouting and reconnoitering. They had to cover the
country three or four miles in advance of the army and to show what a hazardous duty it
was he says that of the 26 men detailed from the 5th, twenty were killed and the other
six wounded. Mr. Murphy enlisted from Hickory several months ago. He married Etta
Carrole who after he joined up, moved here. He came over from Cuba with 300 other
wounded on the transport Cherokee. His wound is nearly well and causes him but little
trouble. He reports that Ed Seapoch and Ainsley Yoder of Hickory were killed in the
battle of Santiago.
For weary days, with aching hearts, Lt. W.E. Shipp’s heart broken wife and sisters
waited for some particulars of his death in the Battle of Santiago. At last, on Tuesday,
Mrs. Shipp received a letter from Lt. M.H. Barnum, who found and buried the body of his
brother officer. The letter was written on board the transport Cherokee which was
bringing the wounded home and was written on July 8. It was mailed at Key West.
Lt. Barnum was badly injured in the hip but his sufferings did not prevent his writing
news he knew was so anxiously awaited.
He noted that in passing over the battlefield about noon Friday, July 1, he found Lt.
Shipp lying “well in front”. He had been “shot through the body, probably through the
heart and died instantly”. About fifty yards away late the body of Lt. Shipp’s dearest
friend Lt. Smith.
That night about 10:00, Lt. Barnum with a detail of men went to bury his friends. His
intention was to lay them side by side in the same grave but he could not find Lt.
Smith’s body, it must have been found and buried by another friend.
Lt. Barnum and his party in the still watches of the tropical night, dug a grave and in it
placed the body of his friend and then “knowing that he was a member of the church
and being a member himself, he said the Lord’s Prayer over the grave”. At the head
of the grave he placed a board with the inscription “Lt. W.E. Shipp, 10th Cavalry, U.S.A.,
killed July 1, 1898” and otherwise marked the spot so that they could readily identify it
and locate it.
Lt. Barnum stated that he had not seen Lt. Shipp that day until he found him dead but
from others he learned that he had been doing splendid service in guiding the troops
through the dense undergrowth and it was thought he met his death while carrying
orders from one part of the battlefield to another.
Lt. Shipp was a Quartermaster of the brigade, a position which he did not want as it
was a non-combat position and his presence in the front is accounted for by the theory
he had volunteered for dangerous duty in the discharge of which he met his death, the
death of a soldier and a hero.
July 29, 1898
The remaining companies of the 2nd Regiment got orders this afternoon to go to
stations. Companies B, H, K and L go to St. Simon’s Island near Brunswick, Georgia;
Company G of Gastonia goes to Port Royal; Company E of Greenville to Tykee,
Georgia. Major B.F. Dixon goes to Port Royal; Colonel Burgwyn, Lt. Col. Cowles
and Lt. McRae, the non commissioned staff and band go to St. Simon’s which is
regimental headquarters. Col. Cowles will remain here for two weeks of leave to
attend to business as Adjutant General. He is not yet able to do active work. The
plaster of paris mould which has been on his broken leg six weeks ago was removed
August 5, 1898
Pte. McElroy of Waynesville Co., went deranged last week and was to be taken to the
military Asylum soon. It seems he had never been away from home before and could
not get used to his surroundings.
2nd Lt. B.F. Davis of Company C, 2nd N.C.R. has been appointed 1st Lt. to succeed
A.C. Avery, Jr., resigned. Avery, who resigned and then changed his mind, has been
appointed 2nd Lt., to succeed Davis.
The following have been made corporals, the companies being allowed twelve instead
of six as before: F.W. Gaines, O.H. Lipe, L.E. Seabach, T.S. Hamner, J.M. Crisp,
and T.A. Brown.
August 19, 1898
The friends of the 1st N.C. Regiment will be delighted at the promotion of Dr. R.R.
Hunter from the position of hospital steward to that of acting assistant surgeon.
August 26, 1898
The death of Corp. Chase Adams was due to peritonitis caused by the sloughing
of the appendix. His original trouble was appendicitis. He cheerfully submitted to
the operation as the only hope of saving his life. Dr. McDill had performed many
such operations before. Everything was done for the patient that could be done.
He was never left alone during his illness.
September 6, 1898
Orders were given today for the mustering out of the 2nd N.C. Regiment now at St.
Simon’s Island, Georgia
September 16, 1898
Pte. Baumgardner of the Raleigh Co., 1st N.C.V. died of typhoid fever in camp at
Jacksonville yesterday. His home was at or near Hickory and his remains were
sent there for burial.
Transcribed by Christine Spencer May 2007
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